The body is a whole — the symptoms and signs on any organ can indicate a disease in another organ or organ system, and in the same manner the eyes can reveal or help reveal some bone diseases. Rheumatic diseases can affect the ocular structures as well. Sometimes this effect is so characteristic it makes the diagnostics of the disease itself easier. When they are not a result of allergies, irritations or viral and bacterial infections, symptoms such as dry eye, redness, vision difficulties, and eye soreness may be associated with bone and joint diseases.
Some of the most common inflammatory rheumatic diseases are associated with eye diseases. If specific ocular structures — namely the sclera, conjunctiva, episclera and uvea — are affected, this could indicate certain inflammatory rheumatic diseases. For example, rheumatoid arthritis is associated with inflammation of the sclera and episclera, ankylosing spondylitis, the most common inflammatory disease of the spine, is associated with parts of the eye called the uvea, and vasculitis, inflammation of the blood vessels, is associated with the vascular structures of the eye.
By actively searching for these signs when obtaining medical history, as well as through targeted diagnostic tests, we can detect and prevent complications in time.