The most common eye diseases that women should watch out for are glaucoma, age- related macular degeneration, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy (for those suffering from diabetes), vitreous detachment, and dry eye; respectively according to probability of permanent visual impairment.
• Glaucoma Glaucoma is often the silent killer of sight due to the fact that this disease, if not specifically looked for by an eye doctor, can end very badly in the long run when it comes to vision.
• Macular degeneration Macular degeneration is a very common eye disease among the elderly, for which there is preventive therapy, so it is important to detect it as soon as possible and advise an ophthalmologist in order to prescribe appropriate treatment.
• Eye diseases caused by diabetes If a woman suffers from diabetes, she should be aware that this disease can lead to changes in the back of the eye, which an ophthalmologist needs to specifically look for, and if necessary, apply any necessary therapy before there is any severe damage to the ocular background .
• Cataracts Cataracts are important to mention because of their frequency as an eye disease, these most often manifest as blurred vision. It used to mostly appear after the age of 65, but today, as it turns out, it appears much earlier. It is important to detect cataracts early because the cataract should not have matured enough or be very hard when the operation is performed, because otherwise this procedure can become risky for the eye. Therefore, it is important to detect it in time, so that the operation is performed at the optimal time for the patient, in that case the procedure is very fast, painless and effective. In practice, there are cases when the patient herself does not even notice that the cataract is already advanced and that it has hardened in one eye because she has vision in both eyes, so without regular eye examinations she can get into a situation where this cataract is detected too late, making the surgery unnecessarily difficult for the afflicted eye.
• Vitreous detachment Vitreous detachment is a frequent change depending on age, which manifests as flashes in the eye and the appearance of a series of ‘floaters,’ or flashes moving in front of the eye, which can significantly reduce vision. It is important to have a timely check-up with an ophthalmologist to get treatment advice and to recognize the difference between this age- related change and an emergency diagnosis such as retinal detachment, which needs to be surgically treated immediately.
• Dry eye This is a common problem that impairs the quality of life, which can be better treated if the problem is detected in time, and thus improve a woman’s quality of life. Dry eye causes many unpleasant problems such as scratching in the eye, a feeling of having sand in your eyes, redness and eye fatigue.